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  1. Opera strana questa 'Storia della letteratura inglese' curata da Bertinetti. Gli autori, soprattutto nel capitolo dedicato al primo novecento, si perdono in puntualizzazioni superflue e danno per scontato tante cose, davvero troppe.
  2. STORIA E LETTERATURA INGLESE - William Shakespeare - Appunti delle lezioni della Prof.ssa Maria Pia Orlarei Roberta Raineri Prof.ssa Maria Pia Orlarei. WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE’S WORKS.
  3. Letteratura italiana mod e con CALTAGIRONE GIOVANNA Auditorium A Esercit. Inglese gruppi A-B-C FITZGERALD Di Girolamo Gregory Jones Laboratorio 'C' 44 postazioni Aula 7 Auditorium B Letteratura italiana mod e con CALTAGIRONE GIOVANNA Auditorium A Esercitazione arabo 1 AMMAR Aula 3 Storia Moderna LEPORI Aula Magna Teorie e St.
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  5. Storia della letteratura inglese. By: Praz, Mario, 1896- Published: (1946) Storia della letteratura inglese / By: Izzo, Carlo, 1901. Create your own Private Collection by searching or browsing to find items of interest and then adding them to a collection.
n</title>n<meta http-equiv='Content-Type' content='text/html; charset='UTF-8'>n</head>nn<div><div><p> n</p>n<p> n</p>n<p><b><i>1 n</i></b></p>n<p>Letteratura INGLESE nBecket nBecket is influenced by the World war because he has a pessimistic vision of the reality. he belongs n</p>n<p>at the &quot;Theatre of Absurd&quot; a movement whose members are of different countries but with a n</p>n<p>common idea: life is absurd, without communication, has no sense .. n</p>n<p>We find the theme of uncommunicability in &quot;waiting for Godot&quot;. In this play the characters don't n</p>n<p>understand each other, they don't remember their past ..Vladimir and Estragon are two tramps. n</p>n<p>the setting is a country road with a tree, this can be everywhere. Maybe Vladimir and Estragon n</p>n<p>are friends, they are waiting for Godot. while waiting they speak without sense, try to invent some n</p>n<p>game, try to kill themselves with a belt but it breaks. At the end of the first and second act there is n</p>n<p>a boy that say: &quot;Godot can't come today, he should come tomorrow&quot;. The waiting of Godot is the n</p>n<p>reason of living of Vladimir and Estragon, they try to stop the waiting but they are afraid to be n</p>n<p>punished, the waiting represents the salvation. Pozzo and Lucky enter in the scene in the middle n</p>n<p>of the first and second act. Pozzo is the master, Lucky is the slave, we can say it because Lucky n</p>n<p>and a rope around his neck and Pozzo holds the rope. In the second act Pozzo is blind. This two n</p>n<p>characters have found their reason of living in the continuos movement. n</p>n<p>The message of this play is: if we are able to find our reason of living, our life can go on. n</p>n<p>Godot refers to God and the suffix &#8220;ot&#8221; in French means little, and also refers to Charlot and Pierrot n</p>n<p>characters of the comedy. So the idea of God is decreased but fortified because the boy tells n</p>n<p>that Godot has a big and white beard. n</p>n<p> n</p>n<p>Blake nBlake was born in 1757 and he died there in 1827. He is a painter, an engraver and a poet so he n</p>n<p>engraved and illustrated his poems on the cooper but the people can&#8217;t buy this book-cooper n</p>n<p>because are very expensive so Blake remained poor all his life. He produced Sons of Innocence n</p>n<p>before the outbreak of the France Revolution, when Blake&#8217;s enthusiasm for the liberal ideas was n</p>n<p>high, the Sons of Experience is produced when the period of Terror was at its height in France. n</p>n<p>Blake&#8217;s poems are called illuminated because: n</p>n<p>- The visions of his death brother, death poets and angles inspirited him, the poems are n</p>n<p>dictated by them; n</p>n<p>- He was an engraver and he engraved his poems and illustrated it on a copper; n</p>n<p>His production are The sons of Innocence and The sons of Experience and they are called the two n</p>n<p>contrary states of the human sou. Innocence and experience are the two contrary states, n</p>n<p>innocence is good and experience is evil so they are contrary but also complementary because n</p>n<p>one can&#8217;t exist without the other, the one completes the other. When we are adult we have both </p>nn</div></div>n<div><div><p> n</p>n<p> n</p>n<p><b><i>2 n</i></b></p>n<p>the states, when we are child we have only innocence but when the child enter in contact with n</p>n<p>society he have experience. n</p>n<p> INFANT JOY-INFANT SORROW n</p>n<p>Both of them deal with a child. In Infant joy the characters are the infant and the narrator, in the n</p>n<p>Infant sorrow we have the infant and his parents. In the Infant Joy there is a dialogue between the n</p>n<p>infant and the narrator and only positive words. In Infant sorrow there are only negative words n</p>n<p>(swaddling bands, imprison the child represents the industrialization, the society. For Blake the n</p>n<p>society is dangerous he doesn&#8217;t live in the Industrialization. n</p>n<p>THE LAMB-THE TYGER n</p>n<p>In both of them there is the same Creator but with different aspects. In The Lamb the Creator is n</p>n<p>pure, innocence &#8230; share the aspects of The Lamb. In The Tyger the Creator is brave, skilful, n</p>n<p>powerful, strong share the aspect of a blacksmith. In both poems the poet is speaking with an n</p>n<p>animal, both the animals are symbol and real, there is also the setting of the animal (stream and n</p>n<p>mead for the Lamb, forest for the Tyger). In the Lamb there is only innocence. In the Tyger there is n</p>n<p>experience and also innocence, we found the innocence in two paradoxes (burning bright &#8211; n</p>n<p>fearful symmetry). n</p>n<p> n</p>n<p>Worsworth nThe child is important for Worsworth because he remember when he was near God before born, n</p>n<p>according to the pantheistic vision the child recognize God in the nature because God is the n</p>n<p>nature. But when the child crew he forget the image of God. Only the poets can transmit how to n</p>n<p>get in contact to the nature. The poet teach to the other men, the poet is a man speaking to men n</p>n<p>and he have more sensibility, more enthusiasm &#8230; The poetry is the spontaneous overflow of n</p>n<p>powerful feelings: it takes origin form the emotion recollected in tranquility. n</p>n<p>MY HEART LEAPS UP n</p>n<p>When the poet see the rainbow he feels that he felt when he was a child. The child is the father n</p>n<p>of man because it&#8217;s the starting point to being an adult. n</p>n<p>DAFFODILS n</p>n<p>In the last stanza of the Daffodil we have all the elements good poets need. The poet is alone in n</p>n<p>his home in vacant on pensive moods. Positive emotions, pleasure. Inward eye, the poet use the n</p>n<p>imagination for color the nature. The poet is remembering because in the last stanza we have the n</p>n<p>present simple before past simple. He was remembering the emotion felt in front of Daffodils. n</p>n<p> n</p>n<p>Mary Shelley nMary Shelley was born in 1797 and ten days after her birth, her mother died so the child is important n</p>n<p>for her because her childhood is influenced, troubled. Mary was very interested in science, n</p>n<p>chemistry, electricity and this influenced her novel Frankenstein. But the initial inspiration of this n</p>n<p>novel start in Mary Shelly because during the nights she have nightmares. Frankenstein was written n</p>n<p>for and competition versus Byron and Shelley. In Frankenstein we have all the elements of the </p>nn</div></div>n<div><div><p> n</p>n<p> n</p>n<p><b><i>3 n</i></b></p>n<p>gothic novel except the terrible place like a castles, convents &#8230; there are three point of view: n</p>n<p>Walton informs his sister Margaret by letters, Frankenstein informs Walton, the monster informs n</p>n<p>Frankenstein. Capitan Walton and Frankenstein fail their dreams they had in common the idea of n</p>n<p>challenge nature. n</p>n<p> n</p>n<p>Oscar Wilde nOscar Wilde was born in Dublin in 1854. He studied in Oxford where became a disciple of Pater, n</p>n<p>the theorist of <b>aestheticism</b> (the most important things are: beauty and pleasure without morality, n</p>n<p>hedonism) in England. In London soon he became a fashionable dandy for his extraordinary wit n</p>n<p>and his foppish way of dressing. In 1881 Wilde edited<i> Poems</i> and was engaged for a tour in the n</p>n<p>United States. On his return in Europe in 1883, he married Constance Lloyd who bore him two n</p>n<p>children, but soon he became tired of his marriage. In the late 1880s Wilde&#8217;s literary talent was n</p>n<p>revealed by a series of short stories, The Canterville Ghost, The happy prince and other tales, the n</p>n<p>novel <b>the picture of Dorian Gray</b> and then he produced a series of plays like The importance to n</p>n<p>being earnest, the tragedy Salom&#232; &#8230; n</p>n<p>In 1891 he met the young and handsome Lord Alfred Douglas with whom Wilde dared to have a n</p>n<p>homosexual affair. Wild&#8217;s father denounced him and he was convicted of homosexual practices n</p>n<p>and subsequently sentenced to two year hard labour. In prison he wrote The Profundis, a long n</p>n<p>letter and The ballad of reading Goal. He died in Paris in 1900. n</p>n<p>Wilde totally adopted the aesthetic ideal. He lived in the double role of rebel and dandy (form n</p>n<p>most important than content). The dandy must be distinguished from the bohemian: while the n</p>n<p>bohemian allies himself to the masses, the dandy is a bourgeois artist, who, in spite of his uneasiness, n</p>n<p>remains a member of his class. n</p>n<p>James Joyce n20th century, Modernism, the artists aren&#8217;t satisfied of the language used by traditional writer. They n</p>n<p>make experiment with the language. n</p>n<p>James Joyce was born in Dublin in 1882. He was educated at Jesuit schools, including Trinity n</p>n<p>College. He wrote Chamber Music and Dubliners, a collection of short stories all about Dublin and n</p>n<p>Dublin&#8217;s life. Dubliners consists of fifteen short stories. The opening stories deal with childhood and n</p>n<p>youth in Dublin, the others, advancing in time and expanding in scope, concern the middle years n</p>n<p>of characters and their social, political or religious affairs. The stories are arranged into four groups: n</p>n<p>childhood, adolescence, mature life, public life. n</p>n<p>The great themes in Joyce are: n</p>n<p>- <b>Epiphany, </b>is the sudden spiritual manifestation caused by an external object, is the n</p>n<p>moment in which you realize something you already know (we find epiphany in The Death n</p>n<p>when Gabriel comparing his love with the love of Micheal to Gretta realize that his love is </p>nn</div></div>n<div><div><p> n</p>n<p> n</p>n<p><b><i>4 n</i></b></p>n<p>so poor, in Eveline epiphany is when she listening the organ she realizes that she is not able n</p>n<p>to go away).<b> n</b></p>n<p>- <b>Paralysis, </b>according to Joyce paralysis is the Dubliners&#8217; situation. They are trapped in their n</p>n<p>tradition, religion, culture, language &#8230; they are not able to go on with their mind. The only n</p>n<p>way to go out the paralysis is to escape but it is a failure because Dubliners aren&#8217;t able to n</p>n<p>escape. (In Evelin we find paralysis when she grips the rail and stops herself, in Gabriel, The n</p>n<p>Death, the snow is the symbol of the paralysis);<b> n</b></p>n<p>- <b>Escape, </b>is the only solution of paralysis. Joyce, in fact, goes to France, Italy &#8230; but he not n</p>n<p>escape really because he wrote only about Ireland, Dublin &#8230; it is a fiscally escape but not n</p>n<p>psychological.<b> n</b></p>n<p>The <b>interior monologue </b>used by Joyce is an innovation because has no syntax, no punctuation, n</p>n<p>no chronological order, no logic connection and has inverted words, invented words &#8230; the n</p>n<p>interior monologue represents the <b>stream of consciousness</b>, the flowing of thought without any n</p>n<p>logical connection. The traditional language is not able to represents the stream of consciousness, n</p>n<p>the human mind. n</p>n<p>In the Dubliners, Eveline thinks about her past (childhood, mother, father, brother &#8230;), her present n</p>n<p>(the job, the father, Frank &#8230;), her future (she wants to live with Frank in Buenos Aires, have a big n</p>n<p>house &#8230;). In our mind past, present and future are on the same level so we have the stream of n</p>n<p>consciousness. In The Death Gabriel thinks about past, present and future too. In Ulysses too. But n</p>n<p>the narration in two level, we have the reality or physical narration and interior or mental narration. n</p>n<p>In Ulysses we have 3 characters: Leopold Bloom, Molly Bloom and Stephen Dedalus. Leopold n</p>n<p>married with Molly one morning leaves his house to buy something. While wondering he meets n</p>n<p>Stephen Dedalus and they together wonder. After 18 hours he goes back at home. In this narration n</p>n<p>there are two different levels, one is in the mind of Leopold, the second is reality. n</p>n<p>The name Stephen Dedalus. St. Stephen is the first Christian martyr, he was killed for his religious n</p>n<p>spirit. Joyce consider himself a martyr, he have to escape because it is the only way to be an artist. n</p>n<p>Dedalus was the builder of the labyrinth because he must trap the minotaur. But he and Icarus n</p>n<p>lost inside the labyrinth and for escape build two pair of wax wings. Icarus fly so high and the sun n</p>n<p>liquefied the wings so he dies, Dedalus escapes but is a not complete success, like Joyce. n</p>n<p>Ulysses wonders for 20 years and his voyage is only physic. Leopold Bloom wonders for 18 hours in n</p>n<p>Dublin and it is a physically and psychologically journey. Molly is the symbol of Penelope, both are n</p>n<p>waiting for her husband came back. But Penelope is faithful, Molly not. n</p>n<p>Orwell nHe had social ideas but he changed his mind. he was disillusioned by the socialism because the n</p>n<p>Russian Government with Stalin made the purge and the form of government became the n</p>n<p>dictatorship. We find this way of think in &quot;1984&quot; and in &quot;The animal farm&quot; in both works there is a n</p>n<p>dictatorship and people and animals aren't free. The message in 1994 is a warning: if the </p>nn</div></div>n<div><div><p> n</p>n<p> n</p>n<p><b><i>5 n</i></b></p>n<p>dictatorship goes on and the government and the people doesn't stop it we will have a society n</p>n<p>like the one describes in 1984. n</p>n<p>In &quot;The animal farm&quot; the message is that revolution is useless because in the story Orwell tells that n</p>n<p>the animals make a revolution but at the end of the story there is the same initial situation: n</p>n<p>dictatorship, but with a different leader. we have this message also in 1984 because the main n</p>n<p>character Winston Smith tries to rebel and go against the government but he was imprisoned. n</p>n<p>In &#8220;The animal farm&#8221; the farmer doesn't care about the animals. He wants but he doesn't give. it n</p>n<p>is because he is a dictator. After the revolution the leader of the animals is Old Major (Karl Marx) n</p>n<p>but he died and the leader became Napoleon. He has socialist ideas but step by step Napoleon n</p>n<p>changes his mind and the dogs become his secret police that in Russia killed million of people in n</p>n<p>the purge. The other animals killed by the dogs represent the people killed in Russia. (Napoleon = n</p>n<p>Stalin; execution = purge; dogs = police; other animals = people). &#8220;The animal farm&#8221; has two level n</p>n<p>it&#8217;s a fable for children and also a story that tells what Orwell thinks about society. n</p>n<p>In 1984 we have a dictatorship. Big Brother is the dictator, about him we know only his face is n</p>n<p>represented on the posters that cover all the city. His face has a big mustache it is linked to Hitler n</p>n<p>and Stalin that was called &#8220;Small father&#8221;. Big Brother controls the people by helicopters that fly at n</p>n<p>the windows level and by telescreens that are in all the room, you can&#8217;t switch off it and it speaks n</p>n<p>ever about the Party, the traitors &#8230;. At the end of the story there is a sort of hope because Winston n</p>n<p>Smith write: 2+2 = &#8230; and not 2+2 = 5 like the Party wants. n</p>n<p> n</p>n<p></p>nn</div></div>n</body></html>','canEdit':false,'canDelete':false,'canReport':false,'userVote':null,'previewLimit':1,'advEnabled':true,'totalVotes':0,'title':'Riassunto esami di stato - Letteratura Inglese, Appunti di Inglese','isPremiumEnabled':false,'hasQuizcardSet':false}'><div><div><div><div><main><div><div><div><span><span>Anteprima</span><span>1 pagina / 5</span></span></div><div><div><div><div><div><div></div></div></div></div></div></div></div></div><div><div><div></div><div></div></div></div><div><div><div><div><div><div><div><div><p><b><i>1 </i></b></p><p>Letteratura INGLESE Becket Becket is influenced by the World war because he has a pessimistic vision of the reality. he belongs </p><p>at the 'Theatre of Absurd' a movement whose members are of different countries but with a </p><p>common idea: life is absurd, without communication, has no sense .. </p><p>We find the theme of uncommunicability in 'waiting for Godot'. In this play the characters don't </p><p>understand each other, they don't remember their past ..Vladimir and Estragon are two tramps. </p><p>the setting is a country road with a tree, this can be everywhere. Maybe Vladimir and Estragon </p><p>are friends, they are waiting for Godot. while waiting they speak without sense, try to invent some </p><p>game, try to kill themselves with a belt but it breaks. At the end of the first and second act there is </p><p>a boy that say: 'Godot can't come today, he should come tomorrow'. The waiting of Godot is the </p><p>reason of living of Vladimir and Estragon, they try to stop the waiting but they are afraid to be </p><p>punished, the waiting represents the salvation. Pozzo and Lucky enter in the scene in the middle </p><p>of the first and second act. Pozzo is the master, Lucky is the slave, we can say it because Lucky </p><p>and a rope around his neck and Pozzo holds the rope. In the second act Pozzo is blind. This two </p><p>characters have found their reason of living in the continuos movement. </p><p>The message of this play is: if we are able to find our reason of living, our life can go on. </p><p>Godot refers to God and the suffix “ot” in French means little, and also refers to Charlot and Pierrot </p><p>characters of the comedy. So the idea of God is decreased but fortified because the boy tells </p><p>that Godot has a big and white beard. </p><p>Blake Blake was born in 1757 and he died there in 1827. He is a painter, an engraver and a poet so he </p><p>engraved and illustrated his poems on the cooper but the people can’t buy this book-cooper </p><p>because are very expensive so Blake remained poor all his life. He produced Sons of Innocence </p><p>before the outbreak of the France Revolution, when Blake’s enthusiasm for the liberal ideas was </p><p>high, the Sons of Experience is produced when the period of Terror was at its height in France. </p><p>Blake’s poems are called illuminated because: </p><p>- The visions of his death brother, death poets and angles inspirited him, the poems are </p><p>dictated by them; </p><p>- He was an engraver and he engraved his poems and illustrated it on a copper; </p><p>His production are The sons of Innocence and The sons of Experience and they are called the two </p><p>contrary states of the human sou. Innocence and experience are the two contrary states, </p><p>innocence is good and experience is evil so they are contrary but also complementary because </p><p>one can’t exist without the other, the one completes the other. When we are adult we have both </p></div></div><div><div><p><b><i>2 </i></b></p><p>the states, when we are child we have only innocence but when the child enter in contact with </p><p>society he have experience. </p><p> INFANT JOY-INFANT SORROW </p><p>Both of them deal with a child. In Infant joy the characters are the infant and the narrator, in the </p><p>Infant sorrow we have the infant and his parents. In the Infant Joy there is a dialogue between the </p><p>infant and the narrator and only positive words. In Infant sorrow there are only negative words </p><p>(swaddling bands, imprison the child represents the industrialization, the society. For Blake the </p><p>society is dangerous he doesn’t live in the Industrialization. </p><p>THE LAMB-THE TYGER </p><p>In both of them there is the same Creator but with different aspects. In The Lamb the Creator is </p><p>pure, innocence … share the aspects of The Lamb. In The Tyger the Creator is brave, skilful, </p><p>powerful, strong share the aspect of a blacksmith. In both poems the poet is speaking with an </p><p>animal, both the animals are symbol and real, there is also the setting of the animal (stream and </p><p>mead for the Lamb, forest for the Tyger). In the Lamb there is only innocence. In the Tyger there is </p><p>experience and also innocence, we found the innocence in two paradoxes (burning bright – </p><p>fearful symmetry). </p><p>Worsworth The child is important for Worsworth because he remember when he was near God before born, </p><p>according to the pantheistic vision the child recognize God in the nature because God is the </p><p>nature. But when the child crew he forget the image of God. Only the poets can transmit how to </p><p>get in contact to the nature. The poet teach to the other men, the poet is a man speaking to men </p><p>and he have more sensibility, more enthusiasm … The poetry is the spontaneous overflow of </p><p>powerful feelings: it takes origin form the emotion recollected in tranquility. </p><p>MY HEART LEAPS UP </p><p>When the poet see the rainbow he feels that he felt when he was a child. The child is the father </p><p>of man because it’s the starting point to being an adult. </p><p>DAFFODILS </p><p>In the last stanza of the Daffodil we have all the elements good poets need. The poet is alone in </p><p>his home in vacant on pensive moods. Positive emotions, pleasure. Inward eye, the poet use the </p><p>imagination for color the nature. The poet is remembering because in the last stanza we have the </p><p>present simple before past simple. He was remembering the emotion felt in front of Daffodils. </p><p>Mary Shelley Mary Shelley was born in 1797 and ten days after her birth, her mother died so the child is important </p><p>for her because her childhood is influenced, troubled. Mary was very interested in science, </p><p>chemistry, electricity and this influenced her novel Frankenstein. But the initial inspiration of this </p><p>novel start in Mary Shelly because during the nights she have nightmares. Frankenstein was written </p><p>for and competition versus Byron and Shelley. In Frankenstein we have all the elements of the </p></div></div><div><div><p><b><i>3 </i></b></p><p>gothic novel except the terrible place like a castles, convents … there are three point of view: </p><p>Walton informs his sister Margaret by letters, Frankenstein informs Walton, the monster informs </p><p>Frankenstein. Capitan Walton and Frankenstein fail their dreams they had in common the idea of </p><p>challenge nature. </p><p>Oscar Wilde Oscar Wilde was born in Dublin in 1854. He studied in Oxford where became a disciple of Pater, </p><p>the theorist of <b>aestheticism</b> (the most important things are: beauty and pleasure without morality, </p><p>hedonism) in England. In London soon he became a fashionable dandy for his extraordinary wit </p><p>and his foppish way of dressing. In 1881 Wilde edited<i> Poems</i> and was engaged for a tour in the </p><p>United States. On his return in Europe in 1883, he married Constance Lloyd who bore him two </p><p>children, but soon he became tired of his marriage. In the late 1880s Wilde’s literary talent was </p><p>revealed by a series of short stories, The Canterville Ghost, The happy prince and other tales, the </p><p>novel <b>the picture of Dorian Gray</b> and then he produced a series of plays like The importance to </p><p>being earnest, the tragedy Salomè … </p><p>In 1891 he met the young and handsome Lord Alfred Douglas with whom Wilde dared to have a </p><p>homosexual affair. Wild’s father denounced him and he was convicted of homosexual practices </p><p>and subsequently sentenced to two year hard labour. In prison he wrote The Profundis, a long </p><p>letter and The ballad of reading Goal. He died in Paris in 1900. </p><p>Wilde totally adopted the aesthetic ideal. He lived in the double role of rebel and dandy (form </p><p>most important than content). The dandy must be distinguished from the bohemian: while the </p><p>bohemian allies himself to the masses, the dandy is a bourgeois artist, who, in spite of his uneasiness, </p><p>remains a member of his class. </p><p>James Joyce 20th century, Modernism, the artists aren’t satisfied of the language used by traditional writer. They </p><p>make experiment with the language. </p><p>James Joyce was born in Dublin in 1882. He was educated at Jesuit schools, including Trinity </p><p>College. He wrote Chamber Music and Dubliners, a collection of short stories all about Dublin and </p><p>Dublin’s life. Dubliners consists of fifteen short stories. The opening stories deal with childhood and </p><p>youth in Dublin, the others, advancing in time and expanding in scope, concern the middle years </p><p>of characters and their social, political or religious affairs. The stories are arranged into four groups: </p><p>childhood, adolescence, mature life, public life. </p><p>The great themes in Joyce are: </p><p>- <b>Epiphany, </b>is the sudden spiritual manifestation caused by an external object, is the </p><p>moment in which you realize something you already know (we find epiphany in The Death </p><p>when Gabriel comparing his love with the love of Micheal to Gretta realize that his love is </p></div></div><div><div><p><b><i>4 </i></b></p><p>so poor, in Eveline epiphany is when she listening the organ she realizes that she is not able </p><p>to go away).<b></b></p><p>- <b>Paralysis, </b>according to Joyce paralysis is the Dubliners’ situation. They are trapped in their </p><p>tradition, religion, culture, language … they are not able to go on with their mind. The only </p><p>way to go out the paralysis is to escape but it is a failure because Dubliners aren’t able to </p><p>escape. (In Evelin we find paralysis when she grips the rail and stops herself, in Gabriel, The </p><p>Death, the snow is the symbol of the paralysis);<b></b></p><p>- <b>Escape, </b>is the only solution of paralysis. Joyce, in fact, goes to France, Italy … but he not </p><p>escape really because he wrote only about Ireland, Dublin … it is a fiscally escape but not </p><p>psychological.<b></b></p><p>The <b>interior monologue </b>used by Joyce is an innovation because has no syntax, no punctuation, </p><p>no chronological order, no logic connection and has inverted words, invented words … the </p><p>interior monologue represents the <b>stream of consciousness</b>, the flowing of thought without any </p><p>logical connection. The traditional language is not able to represents the stream of consciousness, </p><p>the human mind. </p><p>In the Dubliners, Eveline thinks about her past (childhood, mother, father, brother …), her present </p><p>(the job, the father, Frank …), her future (she wants to live with Frank in Buenos Aires, have a big </p><p>house …). In our mind past, present and future are on the same level so we have the stream of </p><p>consciousness. In The Death Gabriel thinks about past, present and future too. In Ulysses too. But </p><p>the narration in two level, we have the reality or physical narration and interior or mental narration. </p><p>In Ulysses we have 3 characters: Leopold Bloom, Molly Bloom and Stephen Dedalus. Leopold </p><p>married with Molly one morning leaves his house to buy something. While wondering he meets </p><p>Stephen Dedalus and they together wonder. After 18 hours he goes back at home. In this narration </p><p>there are two different levels, one is in the mind of Leopold, the second is reality. </p><p>The name Stephen Dedalus. St. Stephen is the first Christian martyr, he was killed for his religious </p><p>spirit. Joyce consider himself a martyr, he have to escape because it is the only way to be an artist. </p><p>Dedalus was the builder of the labyrinth because he must trap the minotaur. But he and Icarus </p><p>lost inside the labyrinth and for escape build two pair of wax wings. Icarus fly so high and the sun </p><p>liquefied the wings so he dies, Dedalus escapes but is a not complete success, like Joyce. </p><p>Ulysses wonders for 20 years and his voyage is only physic. Leopold Bloom wonders for 18 hours in </p><p>Dublin and it is a physically and psychologically journey. Molly is the symbol of Penelope, both are </p><p>waiting for her husband came back. But Penelope is faithful, Molly not. </p><p>Orwell He had social ideas but he changed his mind. he was disillusioned by the socialism because the </p><p>Russian Government with Stalin made the purge and the form of government became the </p><p>dictatorship. We find this way of think in '1984' and in 'The animal farm' in both works there is a </p><p>dictatorship and people and animals aren't free. The message in 1994 is a warning: if the </p></div></div><div><div><p><b><i>5 </i></b></p><p>dictatorship goes on and the government and the people doesn't stop it we will have a society </p><p>like the one describes in 1984. </p><p>In 'The animal farm' the message is that revolution is useless because in the story Orwell tells that </p><p>the animals make a revolution but at the end of the story there is the same initial situation: </p><p>dictatorship, but with a different leader. we have this message also in 1984 because the main </p><p>character Winston Smith tries to rebel and go against the government but he was imprisoned. </p><p>In “The animal farm” the farmer doesn't care about the animals. He wants but he doesn't give. it </p><p>is because he is a dictator. After the revolution the leader of the animals is Old Major (Karl Marx) </p><p>but he died and the leader became Napoleon. He has socialist ideas but step by step Napoleon </p><p>changes his mind and the dogs become his secret police that in Russia killed million of people in </p><p>the purge. The other animals killed by the dogs represent the people killed in Russia. (Napoleon = </p><p>Stalin; execution = purge; dogs = police; other animals = people). “The animal farm” has two level </p><p>it’s a fable for children and also a story that tells what Orwell thinks about society. </p><p>In 1984 we have a dictatorship. Big Brother is the dictator, about him we know only his face is </p><p>represented on the posters that cover all the city. His face has a big mustache it is linked to Hitler </p><p>and Stalin that was called “Small father”. Big Brother controls the people by helicopters that fly at </p><p>the windows level and by telescreens that are in all the room, you can’t switch off it and it speaks </p><p>ever about the Party, the traitors …. At the end of the story there is a sort of hope because Winston </p><p>Smith write: 2+2 = … and not 2+2 = 5 like the Party wants. </p></div></div></div></div></div></div></div></div><div><div><div><div></div></div></div></div></main><div><div><div><div></div></div></div></div><div><div><div><div><div><div><div><div><div><div></div></div><div><div></div></div></div></div></div></div></div><div><div><div><div><div><div><div></div></div><div><div></div></div></div></div></div></div></div><div><div><div><div><div><div><div></div></div><div><div></div></div></div></div></div></div></div><div><div><div><div><div><div><div></div></div><div><div></div></div></div></div></div></div></div><div><div><div><div><div><div><div></div></div><div><div></div></div></div></div></div></div></div><div><div><div><div><div><div><div></div></div><div><div></div></div></div></div></div></div></div></div></div></div><div><div><div><div><div><div><div><div><div><div></div></div><div><div></div></div></div></div></div></div></div><div><div><div><div><div><div><div></div></div><div><div></div></div></div></div></div></div></div><div><div><div><div><div><div><div></div></div><div><div></div></div></div></div></div></div></div><div><div><div><div><div><div><div></div></div><div><div></div></div></div></div></div></div></div><div><div><div><div><div><div><div></div></div><div><div></div></div></div></div></div></div></div></div></div></div></aside></div></div></div></div></div></div></div></div></body>

Storia Della Letteratura Inglese Pdf Creator Pdf

Corso inglese android corso inglese avanzato lezioni inglese per adulti grammatica inglese zanichelli pdf grammatica inglese veloce pdf grammatica inglese verbi: schede grammatica inglese pdf grammatica inglese sintesi pdf grammatica inglese tempi verbali pdf tabella grammatica inglese pdf corso inglese john peter corso inglese intermedio free. Paolo Bertinetti, Storia della letteratura inglese, Torino, Einaudi Pat Rogers, An Outline of English Literature, Oxford University Press Romolo Runcini, La paura e l'immaginario sociale nella letteratura. 3: Il romanzo industriale (a cura di C. Bordoni, Napoli, Liguori, 2012).

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