Windows Git Ssh Config File Rating: 6,9/10 4001 votes

After you've checked for existing SSH keys, you can generate a new SSH key to use for authentication, then add it to the ssh-agent.

While you're in Git Bash, you should mkdir.ssh. After you have the home directory, and a.ssh folder under that, you want to open PuTTYgen and open the key (.ppk file) you have previously created. Once your key is open, you want to select Conversions -> Export OpenSSH key and save it to HOME.ssh id_rsa. Set up SSH for Git on Windows Use this section to create a default identity and SSH key when you're using Git on Windows. By default, the system adds keys for all identities to the /Users//.ssh directory.

If you don't already have an SSH key, you must generate a new SSH key. If you're unsure whether you already have an SSH key, check for existing keys.

If you don't want to reenter your passphrase every time you use your SSH key, you can add your key to the SSH agent, which manages your SSH keys and remembers your passphrase.

Ssh Config File Example

Generating a new SSH key

Windows Git Ssh Config File Download

  1. Open TerminalTerminalGit Bashthe terminal.

  2. Paste the text below, substituting in your GitHub email address.

    This creates a new ssh key, using the provided email as a label.

  3. When you're prompted to 'Enter a file in which to save the key,' press Enter. This accepts the default file location.

  4. At the prompt, type a secure passphrase. For more information, see 'Working with SSH key passphrases'.

Adding your SSH key to the ssh-agent

Before adding a new SSH key to the ssh-agent to manage your keys, you should have checked for existing SSH keys and generated a new SSH key. When adding your SSH key to the agent, use the default macOS ssh-add command, and not an application installed by macports, homebrew, or some other external source.

  1. Start the ssh-agent in the background.

  2. If you're using macOS Sierra 10.12.2 or later, you will need to modify your ~/.ssh/config file to automatically load keys into the ssh-agent and store passphrases in your keychain.

  3. Add your SSH private key to the ssh-agent and store your passphrase in the keychain. If you created your key with a different name, or if you are adding an existing key that has a different name, replace id_rsa in the command with the name of your private key file.

    Note: The -K option is Apple's standard version of ssh-add, which stores the passphrase in your keychain for you when you add an ssh key to the ssh-agent.

    If you don't have Apple's standard version installed, you may receive an error. For more information on resolving this error, see 'Error: ssh-add: illegal option -- K.'

  4. Add the SSH key to your GitHub account.

If you have GitHub Desktop installed, you can use it to clone repositories and not deal with SSH keys. It also comes with the Git Bash tool, which is the preferred way of running git commands on Windows.

  1. Ensure the ssh-agent is running:

    • If you are using the Git Shell that's installed with GitHub Desktop, the ssh-agent should be running.
    • If you are using another terminal prompt, such as Git for Windows, you can use the 'Auto-launching the ssh-agent' instructions in 'Working with SSH key passphrases', or start it manually:

  2. Add your SSH private key to the ssh-agent. If you created your key with a different name, or if you are adding an existing key that has a different name, replace id_rsa in the command with the name of your private key file.

  3. Add the SSH key to your GitHub account.

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  1. Start the ssh-agent in the background.

  2. Add your SSH private key to the ssh-agent. If you created your key with a different name, or if you are adding an existing key that has a different name, replace id_rsa in the command with the name of your private key file.

  3. Add the SSH key to your GitHub account.

  1. Start the ssh-agent in the background.

  2. Add your SSH private key to the ssh-agent. If you created your key with a different name, or if you are adding an existing key that has a different name, replace id_rsa in the command with the name of your private key file.

  3. Add the SSH key to your GitHub account.

Further reading

  • 'About SSH'
  • 'Working with SSH key passphrases'
  • 'Authorizing an SSH key for use with a SAML single sign-on organization'
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@@ -1957,6 +1957,12 @@ Environment variable settings always override any matches. The URLs that are
matched against are those given directly to Git commands. This means any URLs
visited as a result of a redirection do not participate in matching.

ssh.variant::

Jan 15, 2017

Shouldn't you at least mention that these bits are somewhat windows specific? @dscho what do you think?

Override the autodetection of plink/tortoiseplink in the SSH command that
'git fetch' and 'git push' use. It can be set to either `ssh`, `plink`,
`putty` or `tortoiseplink`. Any other value will be treated as normal ssh.
This is useful in case that Git gets this wrong.

i18n.commitEncoding::
Character encoding the commit messages are stored in; Git itself
does not care per se, but this information is necessary e.g. when

Git Config Set Ssh

Windows ssh config file

Windows Git Ssh Config File Converter

@@ -1013,6 +1013,13 @@ Usually it is easier to configure any desired options through your
personal `.ssh/config` file. Please consult your ssh documentation
for further details.

`GIT_SSH_VARIANT`::
If this environment variable is set, it overrides the autodetection
of plink/tortoiseplink in the SSH command that 'git fetch' and 'git push'
use. It can be set to either `ssh`, `plink`, `putty` or `tortoiseplink`.
Any other value will be treated as normal ssh. This is useful in case
that Git gets this wrong.

`GIT_ASKPASS`::
If this environment variable is set, then Git commands which need to
acquire passwords or passphrases (e.g. for HTTP or IMAP authentication)
@@ -691,6 +691,28 @@ static const char *get_ssh_command(void)
returnNULL;
}

staticintget_ssh_variant(int *putty, int *tortoiseplink)
{
constchar *variant;

if (!(variant = getenv('GIT_SSH_VARIANT')) &&
git_config_get_string_const('ssh.variant', &variant))
return0;

if (!strcmp(variant, 'tortoiseplink')) {
*putty = 1;
*tortoiseplink = 1;
} elseif (!strcmp(variant, 'plink') !strcmp(variant, 'putty')) {
*putty = 1;
*tortoiseplink = 0;
} else {
*putty = 0;
*tortoiseplink = 0;
}

return1;
}

/*
* This returns a dummy child_process if the transport protocol does not
* need fork(2), or a struct child_process object if it does. Once done,
@@ -816,18 +838,18 @@ struct child_process *git_connect(int fd[2], const char *url,
ssh_argv0 = xstrdup(ssh);
}

if (ssh_argv0) {
if (!get_ssh_variant(&putty, &tortoiseplink) && ssh_argv0) {
constchar *base = basename(ssh_argv0);

tortoiseplink = !strcasecmp(base, 'tortoiseplink')
!strcasecmp(base, 'tortoiseplink.exe');
putty = tortoiseplink
!strcasecmp(base, 'plink')
!strcasecmp(base, 'plink.exe');

free(ssh_argv0);
}

free(ssh_argv0);

argv_array_push(&conn->args, ssh);
if (flags & CONNECT_IPV4)
argv_array_push(&conn->args, '-4');
@@ -401,6 +401,28 @@ test_expect_success 'single quoted plink.exe in GIT_SSH_COMMAND' '
expect_ssh '-v -P 123' myhost src
'

test_expect_success 'GIT_SSH_VARIANT overrides plink detection''
copy_ssh_wrapper_as '$TRASH_DIRECTORY/plink' &&
GIT_SSH_VARIANT=ssh git clone '[myhost:123]:src' ssh-bracket-clone-variant-1 &&
expect_ssh '-p 123' myhost src
'

test_expect_success 'ssh.variant overrides plink detection''
copy_ssh_wrapper_as '$TRASH_DIRECTORY/plink' &&
git -c ssh.variant=ssh clone '[myhost:123]:src' ssh-bracket-clone-variant-2 &&
expect_ssh '-p 123' myhost src
'

test_expect_success 'GIT_SSH_VARIANT overrides plink detection to plink''
GIT_SSH_VARIANT=plink git clone '[myhost:123]:src' ssh-bracket-clone-variant-3 &&
expect_ssh '-P 123' myhost src
'

test_expect_success 'GIT_SSH_VARIANT overrides plink detection to tortoiseplink''
GIT_SSH_VARIANT=tortoiseplink git clone '[myhost:123]:src' ssh-bracket-clone-variant-4 &&
expect_ssh '-batch -P 123' myhost src
'

# Reset the GIT_SSH environment variable for clone tests.
setup_ssh_wrapper

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Windows Git Ssh

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